IKHWAN AL-SAFA

November 30, 2011

in Islam Encyclopedia

  Ikhwan al-Safa, literally "Brethren of Purity" or more broadly the "Fellowship of the Pure," is a term used to designate a group of Muslim intellectuals who compiled the well-known encyclopedia of learning called the Rasa’il Ikhwan al-Safa. Many of them lived in the tenth century, constituting a collaborative forum for discussion, debate, and writing [...]

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Jamal al-Din Afghani

November 30, 2011

in Islam Encyclopedia

  Jamal al-Din Afghani, one of the most influential Muslim reformers of the nineteenth century, was most likely born in Asadabad, Iran, into a Shi’ite family. Throughout his life, however, he emphasized his Afghan ancestry, perhaps to broaden his appeal to Sunni Muslims. Little concrete infor­mation is available about his early life, but he probably [...]

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ISLAM IN CENTRAL ASIA

November 30, 2011

in Islam Encyclopedia

  Central Asia is a modern geographical designation covering an area of considerable political, ethnic, and linguistic diver­sity, but marked by a distinctive cultural synthesis rooted in the meeting of the civilization of Inner Asia with that of the Middle East and the Islamic world. In terms of contemporary political boundaries, it comprises the newly [...]

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AHMADIYYA

November 30, 2011

in Islam Encyclopedia

  The Ahmadiyya movement was founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in the Punjab province of British India in 1889, at a time of competition for converts among new Muslim, Hindu, Sikh, and Christian reform and missionary movements. Divi­sions among Sunni Muslims on appropriate responses fol­lowing the failure in 1857 of a widespread rebellion against the [...]

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